You wish to discover the meaning behind the system error code you might have received, or are simply curious about the numerous system error codes that exist within the Windows family.
Microsoft system error codes are documented on Microsoft’s System Error Code pages.
Other error code lists:
MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Error Messages
Windows Installer Error Messages (NOT MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe)
Windows Update Error Codes
Office 2013, 2016, and Office 365 Error Messages
Office 2010 Installation Error Codes
Office 2010 Update Error Codes